The judicial councils of the circuits, commonly referred to as the “circuit councils,” were created by legislation in 1939. The councils play a vital role in providing centralized authority within each circuit of the federal judiciary.
For purpose of implementing 28. U.S.C. § 332, the Judicial Council of the Federal Circuit consists of all circuit judges in regular active service and is responsible for “mak[ing] all necessary and appropriate orders for the effective and expeditious administration of justice within its circuit.” The Circuit Executive is appointed by the Judicial Council and serves as its secretary.